Kingdom of Fife and St Andrews
Known in ancient Scotland as the Kingdom of Fife, this region is now a council area of Scotland situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth. St Andrews is one of several historical towns of Fife, famous as the home of golf and for the University of St Andrews – one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in Europe.
St Andrews is a former royal burgh – a trading town given special privileges by the ruling monarch in the 12th century which enabled it to develop wealth and status. Situated between Dundee and Edinburgh on the east coast of Fife, it is famous for its sandy beaches and the loveliness of the town. From ancient times pilgrims have travelled here from across Europe to worship at its Cathedral Today visitors still make a pilgrimage to St Andrews each year to try out their golf on its famous links courses which are recognised as the home of golf – or to study courses of a different kind at its ancient university.